The Best Types of Wood for Your Next Shed Construction

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Perhaps it’s high time you fulfill the shed of your dreams. After all, what’s that backyard for without fixing it up? Picture your next shed construction by building an art studio, a home office, a liquor bar, or a movie room for your family and friends.

Before you get too excited about this home project, you must know that it is crucial to assess the materials you will be using. The varieties of wood you use for this project will have a significant impact on how your new shed looks, performs, and lasts. 

So without further ado, learn about types of wood for shed building right here:

The Framing Wood

Every wooden shed has an underlying wall and roof frame made of framing timber. This timber, often known as “construction-grade lumber,” is typically 1-1/2 inches thick solid fir or spruce. 

The most popular framing lumber used to create sheds is the good old 24 (actual measurement 1-1/2 in. x 3-1/2 in.). Because most backyard sheds are small, 2x4s can be used for both the wall and roof frames.

The Pressure-Treated Lumber 

This wood is identical to standard framing lumber, except it has been factory-treated to reduce or prevent rot. When wood is utilized in applications where it will come into contact with soil, it should be pressure-treated lumber. 

Even within the pressure-treated lumber category, there are various types. The most prevalent is that it has been gently treated against decay. Although it will remain sound eternally if maintained free from soil contact, it will decay if kept constantly wet. For below-ground foundations, the most durable type of pressure-treated lumber is used. 

This wood has been treated to the point that it will not rot, even if exposed to damp soil for decades. This type of pressure-treated timber is sold for use in the construction of pressure-treated wood foundations and is an excellent choice for any section of your shed that comes into contact with the ground.

The Oriented Strand Board

Every shed comprises two major components: a structural frame and sheathing that covers the frame. Because it is the least expensive alternative for sheathing, the walls, and roof of a shed, oriented strand boards (OSB) are commonly used for sheds and dwellings.

OSB is produced from softwood chips that have been bonded together in a semi-random pattern. OSB, like plywood, is commonly available in 4 ft. by 8 ft. sheets. While 7/16 in. thick OSB is adequate for sheathing the walls and roof of a shed, it is a bottom-of-the-barrel sheet material for several reasons. Although, keep in mind that it doesn’t age well when exposed to natural elements, and the off-cuts aren’t as useful for future projects. 

The Plywood

This wood is similar to OSB, except it is tougher and more weather-resistant, making it a viable type of wood for the exterior of your shed. Plywood is constructed of thin slices of wood that have been bonded together in layers. 

After your shed is finished, you may utilize the leftover plywood to construct boxes, utility shelves, and other minor carpentry projects. Thick plywood works great for wall and roof sheathing, but your shed floor should be at least five-eighths inch thick. Although ordinary exterior-grade plywood is produced with weather-resistant adhesive, the wood is not particularly resistant to decay. 

As a result, pressure-treated plywood is ideal for a shed floor. Even a slightly raised floor off the ground will endure longer if it is built of pressure-treated plywood.

The Siding Panels

Assume you’ve completed the frame of your shed and want to wrap the walls or build sheet walls with attractive, weather-resistant panels. This task requires a variety of softwood plywood-type sheet material, including the ever-popular T1-11 plywood siding panel. 

These decorative exterior wall siding sheet materials are available at home improvement retailers in various colors and styles. All are intended to be used as weatherproof wall sheathing against the wall structure of a shed.


You can tell a lot about a structure’s quality by the materials used to build it. If you want your dream shed to look beautiful yet stand strong, then you must invest in the best type of wood for it. Be guided by professionals and be equipped with the best materials, and you’ll never regret it!

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